Diagnosing Breast Cancer
When you begin to feel pain or lumps in your breast, it is best to seek professional medical help immediately. Dr. James H. Frost provides unparalleled breast cancer diagnostics from two locations in New Jersey for patients across the nation. Getting a proper diagnosis is key to starting the right treatment, and our MRIs, ultrasounds, and mammograms find the underlying cause of the issue fast. We also perform breast biopsies so our oncology specialists can see if cancer is present in your cells.
Types of breast cancer
There are several different types of breast cancer, and our team diagnoses your symptoms to determine which form of the disease you have. Dr. Frost and his team will find out if you have one of the following forms of breast cancer:
- Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
- Inflammatory breast cancer
- Invasive Ductal Cancer
- Invasive lobular carcinoma
- Male breast cancer
- Paget’s disease of the breast
- Recurrent breast cancer
Symptoms of breast cancer
It is vital to be aware of certain signs that could signal you have breast cancer. These include:
- A thickening or lump around your breast that feels abnormal compared to the surrounding tissue.
- A change in appearance, shape, or size of your breast.
- A change in the skin around your breast area, including dimpling.
- A newly formed inverted nipple.
- Scaling, peeling, crusting or flaking of skin surrounding your areola or breast tissue.
- Redness of skin around the breast, similar to an orange peel’s consistency.
Causes and risks of breast cancer
The causes of breast cancer are complicated and not fully understood, but what is known is cells around the tissue of the breast begin to grow abnormally. The rapid accumulation of these cells forms the lump, and these cells can further metastasize throughout other parts of your body. Most often, the milk-producing ducts contain the first abnormal cell growth. This is called invasive ductal carcinoma. Glandular tissue called lobules is another place cancerous cells can grow in the breast. Generally, both genetics and environmental factors play a role in the development of breast cancers. Risk factors to look for include, but are not limited to:
- Gender: Females are much likelier to develop breast cancer than men.
- Age: As you grow older, your risk of breast cancer increases.
- History of breast cancer: Whether a personal history or family history, genetics can play an important role in the development of breast cancers.
- Radiation exposure: Radiation has been linked to many forms of cancer, including breast cancer.
Breast cancer prevention
Reducing the risk of breast cancer can be done in several ways:
- Getting screened early: Dr. James H. Frost and our entire oncology team can help with screening methods for detecting abnormal cells in your breast. We also discuss the risks and benefits associated with screenings.
- Self-examinations: Learning to spot signs of abnormality is a great method for early detection. It is not a cure-all, but a tool to be utilized in conjunction with professional help.
- Limiting alcohol, staying up on exercise, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and limiting post-menopausal hormonal therapy are all great tools for helping to prevent breast cancer.
Contact the breast cancer specialists today at (609) 568-2538.